Below are the brief-chronological-Muslim-Prayer-Movements For Reference.
(Dedicated to those Muslims n non-Muslims who intend to pursue basic knowledge on how to perfom Solah in Islam).
Although Muslims can pray to God at any time or place, there are mainly five prayers they are obligated to perform throughout the day. They follow the same pattern, so everyone can follow in congregation, and set prayers are always recited in Arabic.
Takbir is entering into the state of prayer by glorifying God. Muslims face towards Makkah and make the intention to pray. To begin the act of prayer, they say 'Allahu Akbar' meaning 'God is great', raising the hands to the ears or shoulder.
Muslims place their right hand over their left on their chest or navel while in the standing position. A short supplication glorifying God and seeking His protection is read. This is then followed by Surah Al Fatiha, which is the first chapter in the Qur'an. Verses from any another chapter are then recited.
Ruku means bowing. During ruku, Muslims says 'glory be to God, the Most Great' -"Subhaa narobbial 'aziimi wabihamdihi, three times.
During prayer, it is forbidden to fidget or look around. Muslims must pray as though they are in the presence of God, and therefore must be in a state of concentration.
While moving into the upright position, Muslims recite 'God listens to the one who praises Him' -(Samii Allahu limanhamidah), and while in the standing position, 'To God belongs all praise' (Rabbanaa lakalhamda) then is recited.
'God is Great' is recited again. Hands are loosely at the sides this time. Each movement is always preceded by the phrase 'God is Great'. This indicates to followers of the prayer that the leader is about to make the next movement.
Sujud means to prostrate. While in the prostration position 'Glory be to God, the Most High' (Subhaanarobbial a'laa wa bihamdihi) is repeated three times. Palms, knees, toes, forehead and nose must be the only body parts touching the ground.
The Prophet said, "The worst thief is he who steals from his prayer." His companions asked, "O Messenger of Allah, how does he steal from his prayer?" He said, "He does not perfect its ruku and sujud".
'God is Great' is recited while moving to the sitting position. Muslims pause here for a few seconds, either staying silent, or reciting a shorter prayer -“Rabbirghfirli warhamni wajburni warfa’ni warzuqni wahdini wa’ afini wa’fu ‘anni”.
-'God is Great' is recited once more as the sujud position is taken again. The Prophet recommended that each movement must last at least the time that it takes for the bones to settle. He compared some people's ruku' and sujud to the way that a crow pecks on the ground, because of the speed at which they perform it. (Ibn Khuzaymah)
This sujud is the same as the first one. After reciting 'Glory be to God, the Most High', one 'raka'ah', or unit is complete. Each salah has its own number of units though. The shortest prayer, Fajr, has two.
To continue the prayer from the sujud position, Muslims say 'God is Great' and stand up to repeat everything from Surah Al Fatiha, until they reach this sujud again.
After saying 'God is Great', Muslims return to the sitting position. They recite a set number of short prayers in Arabic, praising God, and sending peace on the Prophet.
-They repeat the declaration of faith,
“Attahiyyaatul mubaaroka tussolawaa tuttoiyyibaa tulillah. Assalaamu’alaika ayyuhannabiyyu warohmatullahi wabarokaatuh. Assalaamu ‘alaina wa ‘alaa ‘ibaadillahissolihiin. Asshhadu an laa ilaa ha illallah. Wa asshhadu anna Muhammadan Rasulullah. Allahhummasolli ‘ala Muhammad” ;...and raising the forefinger of their right hand, in order to act as a witness.
-They then ask God to bestow blessings and peace upon Prophet Abraham and his family, and ask for the same for Prophet Muhammad.
‘’...............Wa ‘ala ‘aali Muhammad, kamaa sollaita ‘ala ibraahim wa ‘aala ‘aali ibrahiim. Wabaa rik ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala ‘aali Muhammad, kamaa baarokta ‘ala ibraahim wa ‘ala ‘aali ibraahiim. Fil ‘aalamiin, ‘Innaka hamiidun majiid”.-Finally, Muslims ask for forgiveness and mercy, and ask God to bless them and their children until the Day of Judgement.
Peace to the right
To end the prayer, Muslims first turn their face to the right saying 'Peace be upon you, and the mercy and blessings of Allah.'
“Assalaamu ‘alaikum warohmatullahi”
This is said to the Angels which Muslims believe accompany each human being to record their actions.
'Peace be upon you, and the mercy and blessings of Allah' is repeated turning to the left side now.
*The tale 0f you and I*
you gave walking sticks to others
yet you yourself were limping
you offered a lending hand
but it was you who needed help
you wore shields and armours
but it wasnt the outside that needed protection
you claimed others as foes and threats
yet you stabbed your very own heart
you blamed the time for being envious
was it not you who made the clock?
you walked the road with glitters and jewels
but back in home you slept on dirt
you conquered the lands and the oceans and skies
yet you moaned and screamed in dreams
you were the king of glorious men
but you were held captive of unseen strings
you claimed yourself a proud free man
yet you were chained to your old ventriloquist>
"By the power of Truth...."